Spanish – Egyptian Mission at Dra Abu el-Naga Tombs of Djehuty and Hery (TT 11 – 12)
10th Season Report: January 10th – February 1st
The rock-cut tomb-chapels of Djehuty and Hery (TT 11–12) are located in the central area of Dra Abu-el Naga, at the northern end of the Theban necropolis. They were hewn at the foothill, and they are interconnected through a third tomb (–399–). They all date to the early XVIIIth Dynasty. The density of tomb-chapels here is higher than in other areas of the necropolis due to its symbolic location. It is right across the river Nile from the temple of Karnak, so that when the sun rises between the pair of obelisks and pylons at the entrance of the temple of the god Amun, 'that same sun' sets down behind the hill of Dra Abu el-Naga. Moreover, when the annual procession of the 'beautiful feast of the Valley' carried the statue of Amun from Kanak to the temple of Deir el-Bahari, the first place to be reached in the necropolis was Dra Abu el-Naga. From a political perspective, one has to bear in mind also that the previous Theban governors, i. e. the kings of the XVIIth Dynasty, the glorious ancestors, were all buried in Dra Abu el-Naga, turning it into a legendary ground, the ideal place to be buried for its strong religious, funerary and historical connotations.
The excavations around the tomb-chapels of Djehuty and Hery are bringing back to light part of the ancient necropolis, and are showing how it was arranged in streets, as the monuments are laid out one after the other, in parallel, following a path along the foothill.